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SP1 - Land Degradation

SP1 aims to characterize the cause-and-effect relationships between land use practices and soil degradation with regard to climate change and a possible desertification of agricultural used areas in the Kulunda steppe. 5 objectives are defined for this subproject:

Characterization of land use development, land cover change and land use intensity since the initial breaking-of-ground in the grassland steppes of the Kulunda steppe

Climate specification for the ecological different steppe regions.

Identification of soil degradation types and documentation of their spatial extent in the three different ecological zones of the Kulunda steppe.

Identification of spots of desertification and their spatial and temporal development.

Derivation of trends and scenarios of land use changes and the subsequent soil degradation impact in different ecological and climatic zones with special focus on the impacts on the humus and hence carbon storage capabilities.